A phenomenon in this millennium century, who does not know songs and music. Among the young songs and music is quite popular, even now not only young people who like to listen to music, the elderly, children, and Muslims also like it. Song and music is an art, it represents the feelings of the creator (musician) is poured in beautiful verses nan syahdu, through songs and music can also be a container of appreciation, preaching, and social or political criticism of this country. Coupled with an era of information and communication that is easy and fast, make songs and music changed more modern.
Many of the musicians who are competing to spawn albums from various genres of music, pop, rock, jazz, dangdut, and Muslim artists do not want to lose, they make music nuanced religious, modern, and sensational. Their goal in addition to competing with other musicians also develop Islamic syiar-syiar. This musical style is known as qasidah, gambus, or the rhythm of the desert
So, how the law of music and music perspective of Islam? What I will discuss next time is a controversial theme among fuqaha ‘and ushuliyyin. Because they differ on this point. The causes of differences among scholars’ views on the subject of songs and music are due to factors of understanding and interpretation of the Qur’anic verses, and the second reason is because of differences in the opinion of the problem of either the validity of the problems or the occurrence of the ahadith which addresses this issue. Here I will describe some of the scholars’ views of the law of songs and music.
An Opinion that Forbids Songs and Music
Letter Luqman verse 6
ومن الناس من يشتري لهو الحديث ليضل عن سبيل الله بغير علم ويتخذها هزوا
“And among men there are those who use useless words to mislead men from the way of God without knowledge, and make the way of God mockery. They will gain a humiliating adhab. “(Surat Luqman: 6)
Abdullah ibn Mas’ud said that what is meant by the word lahwal hadis is a song or song. Sebagia ulama ‘agreed that the song / song that accompanied the musical instrument is haram law.
Another interpretation of this verse is put forward by Yusuf Qardlawi, the interpretation of which is not the only interpretation of the verse because there are some scholars’ who interpret the other that the meaning of the hadith narrative is a story or a lie.
Hadith of Prophet SAW. From Abu Amir or Abu Malik al-Ash’ari, he said:
ليكونن من أمتي أقوام يستحلون الحر والحرير والخمر والمعازف
“There will be some of my Ummah who enjoins adultery, silk and hard drink and musical instruments.” (Narrated by Bukhari)
Ma’azif referred to in the above verse is all kinds of musical instruments. However some scholars’ commented that the hadith is Mu’allaq (interrupted) between Imam Bukhari and his shaykh (Hisham ibn Ammar)
This is the opinion of jumhur ulama ‘. The reason for the prohibition of songs and music is because the activity will plunge on other prohibitions, such as drinking. Those who forbid songs and music are also guided by the Syadz-dzara’I who forbid the mubah case for fear of falling into the forbidden
Opinions that Allow Songs and Music
وإذارأوا تجارة أولهواانفضواإليهاوتركوك قائما قل ما عند الله خير من ا للهو ومن التجارة والله خير الرازقين
“And when they see commerce or game disperse to get to him and they leave you standing (sermon)”. (Surat al-Jumu’ah: 11)
Al-Lahwu means songs and the like. If the song is forbidden then the same as the sale and purchase (trade) is also forbidden, because both are in one lafaz arrangement.
Including scholars’ allowing is Hujjatul Islam, Imam Ghazali. He said that there is no strong illustration about the prohibition of song and music, but only based on the pleasure and beauty that is fine.
Hadith of Prophet SAW
From ‘A’ishah ra. said: One day Abu Bakr entered the Prophet’s house, there were two fingers singing by playing tambourines, they were used to singing, while the Messenger of Allah was blocked by his curtains. Abu Bakr forbade the two, so Rasulullah SAW opened the curtain saying:
دعهما يا أبا بكر فإن لكل قوم عيدا وهذا عيدنا
“Let them both, O Abu Bakr! (because) each folk have a feast, and this is our feast day “. (Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim)
Music and songs according to 4 madhhab
Imam Malik, the ‘Malikiyah’ Ulama when asked about Imam Malik’s opinion on the song, they replied: “No! He forbid sales of singing fingers to be singers (who enjoyed singing only) “.
Imam Shafi’i, he said that who did